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The Use of Synbiotics to Prevent IMNV and Vibrio harveyi Co-Infection in Litopenaeus vannamei

Scientific Journals of Bogor Agricultural University

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Title The Use of Synbiotics to Prevent IMNV and Vibrio harveyi Co-Infection in Litopenaeus vannamei
 
Creator OKTAVIANA, ADNI; Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University,
Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
WIDANARNI, .; Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University,
Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
YUHANA, MUNTI; Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University,
Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
 
Subject synbiotic, IMNV; Vibrio harveyi; co-infection; Litopenaeus vannamei
 
Description This study evaluated the effects on viral immune responses and bacterial co-infection, of different feeding frequencies of a synbiotic supplemented diet given to Pacific white shrimp (L. vannamei). A synbiotic-supplemented diet was formulated from probiotic Vibrio alginolitycus SKT-bR and prebiotics from sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) oligosaccharide. Pacific white shrimp were fed the synbiotic diet at different frequencies, i.e. daily (P1), twice a week (P2), and once a week (P3) for a 30 day pre-challenge test. After the 30 day feeding period, the shrimps were challenged by intramuscular injection of Infectious Myonecrosis Virus (IMNV) and Vibrio harveyi. The results showed that shrimp treated with a synbiotic-supplemented diet showed  significantly higher growth performance than control groups (P<0.05). Shrimp treated under regime P1 showed the highest values for phenoloxidase (PO) and respiratory burst (RB) parameters compared to shrimp given the other treatments. Following the challenge test, higher survival rate were seen in the P1 treatment group, in comparison to the positive control, and the P1 treatment group showed the highest values in total haemocyte count (THC), PO, and RB.
 
Publisher Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
 
Contributor
 
Date 2014-09-26
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/hayati/article/view/8543
 
Source HAYATI Journal of Biosciences; Vol 21, No 3 (2014): September 2014; 127-134
2086-4094
1978-3019
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/hayati/article/view/8543/6703